Low Voltage Landscape Lighting

Landscape lighting is a rising trend for most home owners wanting to illuminate their homes at night time. Landscape lighting is better described as painting with light and is about beautifying all that is natural or man made in a landscaped setting around the home. Landscape lighting is no longer a luxury item for the average to up market neighborhood. Landscape lighting is most effective when used in limited, subtle ways. If designed correctly it can be an extension of your home dcor and can extend the use of outdoor spaces to the home while providing safety, atmosphere and space definition. It can also be most effective is hiding unwanted features such as trash cans or compost bins. Landscape lighting is used to bring trees and scrubs to life at night and extenuate features around your home that are not visible or obvious during the day time. If used correctly low level lighting can be used to illuminate pathways and stairs for safety and security. Landscape lighting allows you to enjoy your garden and exterior amenities of your home even after the sun has set.

Security
Landscape lighting is one of the best security systems you can install. Landscape lighting can be used as a deterrent to residential crime. Correct proportions of landscape lighting surrounding your home, has been shown to minimize crimes by as much as fifty percent. Landscape lighting has two great uses to aid in the security of your home. The lighting can intimidate possible intruders to avoid trespassing on to your property. Should this fail, the illuminated areas will also make it possible for you or your neighbor’s to see any intruders as they trespass.

Safety
Typically low voltage lighting systems are used for landscape lighting around the home. The preferred light fittings used to create landscape lighting, are low voltage, weather resistant fixtures. The low voltage used reduces the risk of electrocution if live wiring or terminals are touched. Also if power supply transformers are used to reduce the voltage, then they also isolate the low voltage system from the mains voltage which increases safety.

Not just the Garden
Although landscape lighting brings your garden and exterior amenities to life at night time, facade or feature lighting to the exterior of your home should also be considered. If the landscaping has been done correctly it should compliment the house properly during the day. Why not extend the landscape lighting to the exterior surfaces of the home as well.
Narrow beamed lighting that highlights sharp features and wide angled flood lighting to pick up flat surfaces are preferred. These two simple methods create pools of light and shadows that will transform a house that may be uninteresting during the day, and make it come to life at night.
Installation
Low voltage landscape lighting is easy to install even if you’ve never done any electrical installations before. The easiest are prewired lighting systems. These are low voltage light fittings that come completely prewired and ready to install, with weather proof transformers, sealed connectors and pre-installed lamps. All you need to do is place each light fitting that is connected to a string of wire, where you want it, connect the transformer to the mains voltage and turn it on. It’s that simple.
Separately wired low voltage light fittings and transformers should only be installed by persons that have the experience to do so. It is recommended that these installations should be carried out by a qualified electrician.
Remember that during the installation it is desirable to include a timer or a daylight sensor so that the lighting is automatically switched off during daylight hours.
Normally landscape lighting is added after the landscaping has been completed. With this in mind it would be a good idea to lay conduits or ducts into your garden. This would minimize any trench digging when it came time to run your low voltage wiring. Map out where you think you will want your light fittings and lay conduits or ducts to suit.

Design
Once the layout of the landscape has been established, it is very important to plan the placement of your landscape lighting. Lighting can focus on aspects in your landscape which are special to you, such as garden art, a water feature, or an unusual planting. Create a point of interest by highlighting a particular tree, shrub, or architectural aspect of you landscape with a flood light placed at ground level and focused upward. Combinations of light and shadow can create dramatic effects in complete contrast to the daylight scene. Lighting around pools can create a nice mirroring effect off the water or create a tropical feel. Lighting can hide obvious landscape problems while accentuating positive features. Landscape lighting design is very similar to the design of the landscape itself.
Most landscape architects will include a lighting scheme with their design.

Budget
Low voltage landscape lighting is often a do-it-yourself project and there are many options to suit your budget. Landscape lighting is also more affordable than ever coming in dozens of styles at a wide range of prices. Although it is tempting to purchase the cheaper incandescent lighting systems, in the long run the compact fluorescent options are better. Incandescent lamps will last for between 750 to 1000 hours. Halogens will last for 3500 to 5000 hours. But fluorescent lamps will last for as much as 10,000 hours. Because low voltage fluorescent light fittings have a lower power consumption than incandescent or halogens this makes them more desirable. Fluorescent light fittings also last longer than any other light fitting because they do not get as hot.

Solar Lighting
An alternative to low voltage lighting are solar lights. Solar landscape lighting stores energy captured during the day and then when it becomes dark enough, the outside lighting switches on automatically and stay on all night until they run out of battery power. A very good point is that solar lighting dose not use any wiring or external power source Unfortunately the disadvantages of solar lighting is that they give out very low levels of lighting and this gets dimmer as the night goes on

Landscape Maintenance

Envision Landscapes is the fully-insured professional landscape team that has years of extensive hands-on experience in landscape maintenance. They take pride in the exceptional landscape maintenance services they provide by creating and maintaining unusual modern landscapes, Sydney style. Envision Landscapes offers landscape maintenance according to their clients’ individual needs, and instruction. They make sure that, whether they are providing the design and creation of new landscaping, or the subsequent landscape maintenance of an existing landscape, their clients are protected and satisfied in every way. According to their website, Envision Landscapes wants every client to feel they have made all the right choices; they believe that they are the right choice for whatever landscape design work and landscape maintenance the client needs. One of their many satisfied customers testifies that he ��wants a landscaper who not only shows initiative in getting the job done, but [also] brings to it so much more.� This seems to indicate strong approval for the landscape design and landscape maintenance work that Envision provides.

The landscape maintenance team efficiently and responsibly carries out the landscape maintenance chores spelled out in their clients’ contracts. While carrying out their landscape maintenance tasks, the team often goes above and beyond Envision’s contractual responsibilities, resulting in customers who are pleased to see those landscape maintenance �added touches.� Envision Landscapes confides that it aims for total satisfaction of all their provided services. Again, whether initial design and installation, or landscape maintenance items, Envision works to make the process pain-free and enjoyable. Envision Landscapes admits that it thrives on exceeding every client’s expectations; whether installation or landscape maintenance, they strive to achieve the client’s undeniable sense of satisfaction.

Whether the landscape maintenance job is considered minor or major, the company does truly quality work; whether in the East suburbs, or the Inner West, South West, or St. George regions, that quality landscape maintenance work is ensured. Envision Landscapes does not wait for a repair to be urgently needed; their regular landscape maintenance includes periodic completions of routine preventative maintenance checklists; Envision Landscapes does not wait for the sprinkler head to break, or the retaining wall to crumble before acting; rather, upon discovery of an imminent problem, they act. If, when undertaking routine landscape maintenance checks, Envision discovers evidence of potential landscape maintenance problems, they are prepared to correct or report them. Should they determine that the potential landscape maintenance problem is minor; Envision Landscapes will probably correct the threat there and then. If, however, Envision deems the preventative repair of that potential landscape problem to be major and/or costly, they will defer to the property owner client for approval to undertake repairs. They understand that cost control is the direct concern of their clients and are respectful not to incur landscape maintenance charges on the client’s behalf without advance client approval. Although not the case with some other landscape maintenance providers, whether this authorization requirement is contained within the client’s landscape maintenance contract or not, Envision Landscapes systematically extends such courtesies to each and every landscape maintenance client.

It matters not that the landscape maintenance job is large or small; Envision Landscapes looks out for its clients. They know they work for their clients, and not the other way around; so, whether the job is the initial and most critical design, or the landscape maintenance work required to protect that landscape design, Envision Landscapes insists upon the complete satisfaction of each and every client

Reduce Your Asthma With Yoga

Yoga has been a revelation for many people. They have found that they can improve the quality of their life with the power of yoga. Yoga combines both physical and mental activities, so it engages your whole body rather than just part of it. Some of the benefits of yoga include better breathing, easier relaxation and relief from the symptoms of asthma.

The reason that yoga can help with your asthma is that by using yoga, you will get your body back to a more natural state. Both your body and your mind will be less stressed.

Relaxation and deep breathing were made for each other. Both of them help you to calm down, clear your mind and re-energize your body. By spending a few minutes taking slow, controlled breaths and paying attention to your breathing rather than taking it for granted, you will notice that your breathing automatically becomes calmer. Rather than it’s “normal”, hyper-active state. In turn, this will bring more energy into your body and calm you down.

Try out this simple breathing relaxation exercise. Read the instructions through a couple of times and then start.

1. Sit down, making sure that your posture is good and your spine is straight as possible.

Place your feet flat on the floor and check that your knees are directly over your feet. Place your hands on top of your legs.

2. Gently close your eyes.

3. Concentrate your thoughts on your ribs and your lungs. Inhale slowly and deeply. Notice your lungs filling up and your ribs expanding outwards and upwards. Then slowly exhale, again noticing your lungs slowly releasing the air you’ve just breathed in and your ribs gradually going back in and down.

4. Repeat this routine once a day for up to 3 minutes when you first start out. Over the coming days, gradually increase up to 5 and then 10 minutes throughout the day as necessary.

Yoga breathing exercises have been shown to help sufferers of mild asthma. You may still need your medication and any other health devices, although you should notice that you need them less and less as you practice these techniques.

Landscape Pavers Is Best For Renovation

Are you aware of the thin overlay landscape pavers used in the renovation of damaged pool deck? If your answer is no then this article will be very beneficial for you to get information about this Thin overlay landscape pavers concept to renovate major landscaping areas especially located around the Phoenix Arizona area. The Thin overlay landscape pavers is very helpful for removing the aging signs of decks thereby repairing cracks and delaminate that usually snatches the showiness from any landscape region. Overlay pavers coating product make use of acrylic deck coating method which is superior to traditional cool deck method used by early architects for remodeling old and damaged pool decks. Thin overlay landscape pavers renovation methods also lasts for a very long time than the same renovation done through traditional cool deck method.
Process Involves in Thin Pavers Installation
The installation process involved in the pool remodeling or thin overlay landscape pavers is not very complicated like traditional cool deck remodeling. This concept is named as Thin overlay landscape pavers because here thin bull nose coping pavers is set as an alternative of water edge and on pairing with matching tile, it is applied to the cantilever face of the deck thereby giving a new and attractive look to an old damaged pool deck. Such installation process apart from giving a new look to an old pool deck also covers up face of it that hides the cracks completely. After its installation, Thin overlay landscape pavers methods involves application of mortar sand over the old concrete deck that finally sets by pavers on the sand. The final process in landscape installation involves the making of deck area perimeter to be thin set so that the pavers can hold all places on the sand comfortably. Pavers are sanded in the final step which is accomplished with the application of brooming sand on overall surface of new deck. The sand used in the final step fills the gaps generated on pavers during the remodeling.

Benefits of Pavers Installation
Thin overlay landscape pavers proves to be very beneficial for giving a new look to a landscape made with old concrete material. The new patio formed with this method never heaves, crack or de-laminate the entire landscape region which is needed for the maintenance of landscape glory. The landscape designed with his pavers method never suffers from cracks even under unfavorable climatic conditions too. The great style developed with this method seems to be fully eye-catching and offers a comfort living to the landscape owner.

Thin overlay landscape pavers choices are cooler and perfect enough to change the scenario of landscape in an artistic manner. Usually three main thin overlay landscape pavers are used for landscape renovations by the landscapers nowadays namely Traventine, Marbella and Artistic pavers in which all these three choices are cool to change look of pool deck and making it free from any damaging signs. So, are you ready to use this designing concept in your landscape designing or not.

Are you aware of the thin overlay landscape pavers used in the renovation of damaged pool deck? If your answer is no then this article will be very beneficial for you to get information about this Thin overlay landscape pavers concept to renovate major landscaping areas especially located around the Phoenix Arizona area. The Thin overlay landscape pavers is very helpful for removing the aging signs of decks thereby repairing cracks and delaminate that usually snatches the showiness from any landscape region. Overlay pavers coating product make use of acrylic deck coating method which is superior to traditional cool deck method used by early architects for remodeling old and damaged pool decks. Thin overlay landscape pavers renovation methods also lasts for a very long time than the same renovation done through traditional cool deck method.
Process Involves in Thin Pavers Installation
The installation process involved in the pool remodeling or thin overlay landscape pavers is not very complicated like traditional cool deck remodeling. This concept is named as Thin overlay landscape pavers because here thin bull nose coping pavers is set as an alternative of water edge and on pairing with matching tile, it is applied to the cantilever face of the deck thereby giving a new and attractive look to an old damaged pool deck. Such installation process apart from giving a new look to an old pool deck also covers up face of it that hides the cracks completely. After its installation, Thin overlay landscape pavers methods involves application of mortar sand over the old concrete deck that finally sets by pavers on the sand. The final process in landscape installation involves the making of deck area perimeter to be thin set so that the pavers can hold all places on the sand comfortably. Pavers are sanded in the final step which is accomplished with the application of brooming sand on overall surface of new deck. The sand used in the final step fills the gaps generated on pavers during the remodeling.

How To Choose The Best Yoga Videos

Finding the best yoga videos is not as easy to walking down to your local video store and wandering over to the exercise aisle. Not all such videos on the market are ideal for effective home practice. In order to make sure you get the best yoga videos for your home, consider a few things you should really look for.

Easy To Understand

First of all, a quality yoga video will be easy for you to follow. You should be able to understand what is being done, how the positions are achieved, how long you should hold each one, and how often you should do it. It should also be easy to follow into each subsequent move. If you cannot understand the video, then it has failed on its most basic level.

Secondly, videos should provide not only easy to follow instructions, but also easy to understand demonstrations. You should be able to, by watching, understand the basics of achieving each pose and each transition. You should also understand, from watching, the breathing patterns and focus. If you can understand the verbal instructions, but the demonstrations are unclear then your video is no better than a book on yoga.

Next, there should be easy modifications offered in the best yoga videos. Yoga can be difficult, so beginners to it may frequently need modifications to their practice so that they can understand even that which they cannot complete. No matter what your ability level may be, you want your video to be able to apply to you. Once you buy a video, it should be of use to you at every stage as you progress further into yoga. Choose a video that will grow with you.

Teaching Qualilty

In a quality video, the yoga should be taught in a student centered manner. Though that seems like it should go without saying, you will see a number of yoga videos that are just a fancy way of showing off the instructor’s ability in yoga. Such videos do little if any good and in many cases may even be counterproductive for you. The idea of having the yoga video is to help your development, not to put you in awe of someone else’s level of flexibility or fitness.

Finally, high quality yoga videos should feature prominent and well qualified instructors. They should not only be practicing instructors, but should probably have achieved great success in their yoga education. You always want to learn from someone at as high a level as possible. By simply reading the back of the box, you will often get an overview of the teacher’s qualifications so that you can make an intelligent decision as to whether or not you want this person to help you practice yoga in your home.

Finding the best yoga videos really isn’t easy. However, when armed with the tools above, you can more accurately assess a video’s value. Look for something you understand visually and orally, that you can use at any level, and that features a successful teacher while staying student centered. When you find that you will have found the best of the best yoga videos for use at home and between private sessions or classes.

find the right Yoga teacher

I am often asked by beginners about how to evaluate a Yoga Teacher?

The following is the “CALM check list.” These factors are basic criteria that your Yoga Instructor should meet before you continue on to a second Yoga class.

CALM gets it name from four main factors: Communication, Assist, Listen, and Modification. For the right Yoga teacher, you should be answering with a “yes” to all questions.

• Communication: Does your Yoga teacher talk to you, and other students, in a manner of mutual respect? Can you ask a question during class time?

Does your teacher show compassion for you and other students? Does your Yoga teacher take the time to lead you through a guided meditation or relaxation? Meditation and relaxation are major aspects of Yoga practice.

There are Yoga teachers who just want to get “their workout” done. Beware of Yoga teachers, who are so important, they don’t have time for you.

Some students love this air of superiority and, unfortunately, some people love abuse. If you want to learn Yoga, you need an open line of communication with your Yoga teacher.

• Assist: Does your teacher care about your form? Will your teacher give you a verbal or physical assist during your Yoga class? Are props encouraged in your Yoga classes?

Some students never have major problems with alignment and some do, but if your teacher doesn’t give verbal cues, what does that tell you?

• Listen: Does your Yoga teacher take the time to listen to your feedback? Is your teacher “in the moment” with the class?

Once in a while, there is a Yoga instructor who runs, “The-it’s-all-about-me-show.” You are not going to learn anything from this type of teaching. Beginners will be put at risk, trying to keep up with a seasoned Yoga teacher who doesn’t explain anything.

• Modification: Does your Yoga teacher allow modifications and props? If your teacher discourages props, you are in the wrong place.

Some students will need props for life depending upon their range of motion. Just because a teacher can do a posture without props, doesn’t mean every student can.

Summary: Stay away from abusive Yoga teachers, and if you are attracted to abuse, there is always professional help. Some students crave “the stern, but loving parent” types. They will push you harder, but how much pushing do you really need?

Respect is a two way street, and you deserve as much respect as your Yoga teacher does. Let common sense be your guide. You should feel good after a Yoga class, and you might even feel muscle soreness days after a vigorous class.

Make sure your Yoga teacher meets the above criteria before making a commitment.

Hypnosis-The Relationship between Yoga

Though no one knows the exact origin of yoga, meditation and self-hypnosis, one thing is certain, that they are more than thousands of years old. Eminent scholars are of the opinion that the origins and practice of yoga and meditation can be traced to the Indus Valley civilization. In spite of the fact that these practices give the practitioner a sense of well being and peace it was not in vogue until recently.

Though yoga and meditation are often linked together they are also different. Meditation is thought to have been practiced all over the world for a very long time. Self-hypnosis is also thought to have existed in the world for a long time.

These alternate methods of healing and self-healing have existed for hundreds of year’s in spite of efforts to discourage them by various vested interests for example fundamentalists and dogmatists. Doesn’t it make you wonder why some people would want to discourage something as wonderful as self-hypnosis, meditation and yoga? Well the answer is simple. Most people who against these methods were people in control- control of other people. And they were under no circumstances willing to relinquish the control they had over the masses, because these methodologies thought one how to have control over one’s well being( physical, mental & spiritual).

In many societies of the world these practices were forbidden. People in countries under dictatorship, communism were forbidden to practice yoga meditation, and self-hypnosis. Why? Because communism didn’t allow people to question and receive answers about any thing other than what they wanted the people to know. They wanted people who were not in touch with their spirituality, whose consciousness was not awakened. They wanted their masses to be like robots and just obey commands. And we all know that yoga takes us to a higher plane and a higher level of consciousness. So people who practice yoga cannot be manipulated according to the whims and fancies of certain people. Because of this kind of oppression many people in the former Soviet union practiced Yoga in secret.

As a person who has lived in a free country all his life I find this difficult to comprehend, as will all of you who live in a free society. All we can conclude is that if people were willing to risk their lives for the well being offered by yoga there must be something to it. Think of all the sages who realized self and more through yoga.

In the present day of gadgets, where we have some gadget or other to do almost any thing we want, we still have no time for ourselves-no time to take real good care of our well being, our spirituality, of self awakening. Who is holding you back from yoga? No one But you yourself. Take a few moments to yourself, put your feet up and relax. Think of all the benefits that you will gain by practicing yoga or meditation or self-hypnosis. Think of the well being that is the fruits of practicing these self- improvement methods. Don’t you want to feel good about your self, be relaxed and calm and be able to deal with the vagaries of life confidently and calmly.

Whate Everyone Needs To Know About Landscaping

If you wish to sell a home or give it a nicer look, landscaping can help with that. This article is going to provide you with crucial information, whether you want the assistance of a professional, or you are going to do the work yourself.

Try to use native plants when landscaping. Native plants that grow in your area include flowers, trees and shrubs. Plants that are local to the area will do their best in the worst soils, require less water and will survive the terrible weather conditions.

You should select plants and shrubs appropriate for your weather. You may love a certain plant or tree, if it needs elements such as a frost to grow, you may be disappointed if your area is under the frost line. Average sun exposure, rainfall, and prevailing winds are other climactic factors you need to take into consideration when you pick out plants.

Curves are elegant. Think about adding a curved and flowing border within your landscape. It has been proven that curved borders not only are beautiful, but also can increase your property’s value. It might be harder to make than a normal border, but it will be worth it.

Creating curb appeal is key to selling your home. A green, mowed lawn with a few landscaping elements will attract far more buyers than dirt, dead grass and landscaping that is lacking in color.

If you are trying to landscape on a budget, remember that you do not need to finish the entire project all at one time. Dividing your project into steps or seasons is a perfectly valid approach. This helps you budget your money wisely. Write each step in the process down and choose ones that are important to do first.

Many times you can successfully use less expensive products in your landscape without sacrificing beauty. You do want to purchase quality tools that won’t break easily, but inexpensive items like compost & decor can work just as well as higher priced versions of the same. Take the time to inspect plants before you buy them. Places that carry them may not have been giving the right amount of care.

If you are doing your own landscape design, it would be a good idea to add mulch to your flowerbeds. Mulch provides a protective layer that retains moisture and can provide nutrients. Mulch helps you get the most bang for your water dollar.

It really isn’t necessary to hire a professional to do all of the work on your landscaping project. Hiring a professional can lead to paying out a serious amount of money before all is said and done. However, it may be wise to have consultation with a landscaper who can guide you on what you should and should not do.

Never let a lack of funds stop you from beginning to work on your landscape design. Completing a landscaping project over time is actually advantageous, as you’ll become more skilled and make fewer mistakes. Simple updates can make a huge difference to the overall look of your yard.

Your will not be bland anymore, now that you’ve been given this advice. Your home can really come alive with vibrant color, something that doesn’t even look real because it’s so beautiful. Just make use of everything that you have learned here and you will be able to breathe new life into your property.

How to borrow from Yoga for Weight Loss

Yoga is often praised in the mass media as the new fitness-craze promising weight loss, and increased strength and flexibility. However, when one sees a yoga practitioner curled up in a seemingly impossible pose, the natural tendency is to think: “Well this person has been practicing for years, how can Yoga help me lose the weight now?”

Through the acclaimed Sun Salutations, that’s how.

What are they?

These exercises are a combination of Yoga Poses, Breathing Exercises, Sun Bathing and Prayer. They have been practiced for centuries by Yoga Practitioners in India, Martial Artists and African Wrestlers and as a system to rejuvenate the body and soul are beyond compare. It’s been said in the Drugless Healing circles that one round of the Sun Salutations is much better than a week of exercises at the gym!

They are very simple to learn and just about anyone, regardless of their fitness or flexibility levels can learn these simple exercises. In actuality, if you are familiar with “burpies” (the calisthenics exercise), they do derive their origin from the Sun Salutations.

Here are some of their benefits:

-They alleviate disorders of the skin and waist.

-Flexibility increases and breathing is corrected, moreover, they mildly exercise the legs and arms, thus increasing the circulation.

-They are the best way to burn calories and reduce weight and are often recommended for obesity and depression.

-They are an effective way of loosening up, stretching and massaging all joints and internal organs of the body.

-They stimulate and balance all the systems of the body including the endocrine, circulatory, reproductive and digestive system.

Technique:

1. Stand straight with the palms together as in a prayer position.

2. Inhale and stretch the arms above the head.

3. Exhale and bend forward while touching the toes.

4. Inhale and stretch the right leg away from the body in a big backward step and keep the hands and left foot firmly on the ground. Bending the head backward the left knee should be between the hands.

5. Inhale and hold the breath. Move the left leg from the body and, keeping both feet together and the knees of the floor, rest on the hands (arms straight) and keep the body in a straight line from head to foot.

6. Exhale and lower the body to the floor. In this position, only 8 portions of the body come in contact with the floor: the two feet, two knees, two hands, chest and forehead.

7. Inhale and bend back as much as possible bending the spine to the maximum.

8. Exhale and lift the body of the floor. Keep the feet and heels on the floor.

9. Inhale and bring the right foot along the level of the hands; left foot and knee should touch the ground. Look up, bending the spine slightly (same position as #4)

10. Exhale and bring the left leg forward. Keep the knees straight and bring the head down to the knees as in the third position.

11. Raise the arms overhead and bend backward inhaling. As in Position 2.

12. Exhale and drop the arms and relax.

You have now completed one round. Perform as many rounds as possible in multiples of 3. Ideally you want to aim for 6 rounds minimum and up to a maximum of 30. It only takes about 5-10 minutes, depending on your speed and intensity and is best practiced with as little clothing as possible before an open air window first thing in the morning.

You could do a search in Yahoo! Images for “Sun Salutations” to see a visual representation of these powerful exercises and be rest assured that with a sensible diet and a wise combination of these exercises-with any other fitness regimen you may choose-you are well on your way to attaining natural weight loss, increased strength and overall fitness with the help of yoga.
So don’t get intimidated when you see a seasoned practitioner in a seemingly tough pose. Yoga is for everyone and can help you lose weight.

Practice Meditation

Meditation is the most important practice for calming the mind. A calm mind can lead to a healthy, happy and successful life. It can cure diseases and speed up healing processes. We describe the simple technique below called prana-dharana. Prana in Sanskrit stands for the air that we breathe. It is the most basic act of life which starts from birth and goes on till death. But generally, we are not aware of the breath till our attention is drawn close to it. Dharana means its awareness. Prana-dharana means applying the mind to the flow of air when we breathe. The method is as described below:

Sit in a posture suitable for meditation. The common postures are Siddhasana, Padmasana and Swastikasana. But if you cannot do this, just sit cross-legged. Your back should be straight and eyes closed. Your knees should be placed well on the ground. Do not stoop your shoulders back. The whole body should be relaxed and the whole frame steady without exerting any pull or pressure on the thighs, feet, knees, spine or neck. There should be no stretch on tension along the abdominal wall. Let the abdominal wall sway gently back and forth very smoothly and effortlessly with each respiration. Facial muscles should be relaxed and mouth closed with a small gap between the two jaws such that the upper and lower teeth do not exert pressure on each other. Your tongue should touch the palate with tip touching the back of the upper front teeth. Ensure that the lips, tongue or the lower jaws do not move. Your eyeballs and eyelids should be steady and the muscles of the forehead relaxed.

Your entire posture should be comfortable, steady and relaxed. You should not feel strain on any part of the body. Now start developing the awareness of breathing. The flow of air should be uniform, slow and smooth. Do not make any effort or exercise any control. Never hold breath. Do not utter any word or see any image. This will calm your mind and help you achieve peace.